Self-Publishing Fundamentals

By Kim Bookless

self-publishingSelf-publishing can transform the lives of authors and their readers. The concept has been around for hundreds of years but recent technological advances, along with increasing turmoil in the traditional publishing industry, have made self-publishing a popular and easy way to bring a book to life. Aspiring authors are no longer dependent on the whims of editors at the few remaining traditional publishers. With self-publishing, authors now have complete control over when and how their books are published.

Self-publishing authors have to invest time and money, and be willing to push through a learning curve, to bring their books to life. Successful authors avoid self-publishing pitfalls by taking the time to educate themselves before jumping in. When planning to self-publish, an aspiring author should give considerable thought to goals (the purpose of the book and the desired outcome), budget (how much money there is to work with), and method (which parts of the self-publishing work the author will perform and which parts will be hired out).

Goals

Most self-publishing authors fit into one of three categories:

  • Personal – Some self-publishing authors write for strictly personal reasons, such as creating a memoir to give to family members. These authors usually have little interest in selling their books to the public so marketing, distribution, ebook formatting, and building an author platform are unnecessary.
  • Prestige – Other self-publishing authors write books for prestige reasons or to position themselves as experts in their field. For these authors, using their books to boost their credibility is more important than making money from book sales. Professional editing and design, and building an author platform, are crucial.
  • Profit – Most self-publishing authors write to make a profit from selling their books. For these authors, every step of the publishing process is critical, including professional editing and design, multiple formats, marketing, distribution, and platform building.

Budget

In traditional publishing, the publishing company covers the costs of producing a book, including editing, design, printing, and marketing costs. Few authors who wish to self-publish can perform all the book production tasks without help, and hiring professional service providers can total several thousand dollars or more. There is no guarantee the book will sell enough copies to break even, let alone make a profit, so self-publishing authors should be prepared for the possibility that they won’t recoup their investment.

Method

Self-publishing authors can purchase publishing services a la carte or hire a self-publishing company to handle everything. Authors who choose the a la carte method have to find all of the necessary publishing service providers and manage the entire publishing process. This option is often less expensive than hiring self-publishing companies, but authors will need to invest a bit of time and effort to make it work.

Hiring a self-publishing company usually costs more than going the DIY route but it can make the publishing process much easier for authors. The challenge with this option is to separate the reputable and reasonably priced self-publishing companies from the unethical and overpriced ones. Mark Levine’s book The Fine Print of Self Publishing and his website Book Publishers Compared are excellent resources for choosing and working with self-publishing companies.

Some authors hire a publishing consultant (also called a book consultant or book coach) to manage the process. The consultant educates the author on self-publishing, helps make the necessary decisions, and works to develop a publishing plan. The consultant works with the service providers, oversees the book’s production, and serves as a single point of contact for the author throughout the publishing process.

The Basics of Self-Publishing

Most authors want to make money from selling their books, and profit-oriented authors follow ten basic steps to bring their books to life:

Writing

There are many resources to help authors with their manuscripts, including writing coaches and developmental editors. Software programs like Scrivener can help organize manuscripts and make the writing process a little easier. Other writers and trusted colleagues can serve as beta readers and give suggestions for improving a manuscript. Working out manuscript kinks during the writing process will save money on editing later.

Editing

It is critical to have a manuscript professionally edited. Industry associations like the Editorial Freelancers Association (EFA) maintain directories of excellent book editors.

Cover design

Book design is an art and a cover is, among other things, an advertisement for the book. Unless the author is a graphic designer with experience in creating book covers, it’s best to hire a professional to create the front, back, and spine cover design.

Interior layout

Authors should hire book designers to format their books’ interiors so that fonts, margins, page numbers, headers, etc., look professional.

Ebook formatting

A good ebook formatter will typically charge a few hundred dollars or less to convert a manuscript into various ebook formats.

ISBNs

Authors who plan to sell their books online or in stores need ISBNs (International Standard Book Numbers), which must be purchased from Bowker. A single ISBN costs $125 and a block of ten ISBNs costs $250. It’s a good idea to purchase a block of ten because each format of a book (paperback, hardcover, Kindle, epub, PDF, audiobook, etc.) needs its own ISBN. Print books also need a barcode, which is a scannable ISBN that is available from Bowker.

Printing

An author’s printing needs will depend on the goals for the book. Print on Demand (POD) has eliminated the necessity for authors to order thousands of books just to get a good printing price. Dan Poynter’s book and his website www.parapublishing.com offer information on printing options, as well as warnings on how to avoid unscrupulous POD companies.

Distribution

Dan Poynter’s book and website give a great overview of book distribution options available to self-publishing authors.

Author platform

Building an author platform is a vital part of book marketing and selling. Just like a real platform, an author platform is a foundation – it’s what an author “stands on” to deliver his message. Jane Friedman’s author platform article is an excellent resource for author platform building.

Marketing

Self-publishing authors either handle their own marketing or hire people to do it for them. There are many ways to market a book that are free but require the author’s time, such as an author blog, writing guest posts for other blogs, and requesting reviews from book bloggers. Hiring a book marketing company or consultant can help an author reach a wider audience.

Authors who educate themselves have an advantage over those who don’t. These sites are some of the best places to learn about self-publishing: ParaPublishing, The Fine Print of Self-Publishing, The Creative Penn, and The Book Designer. Armed with knowledge from these and other industry experts, authors can bring their books to life via self-publishing in their own timeframe and on their own terms.

[box border=”full”]Kim BooklessKim Bookless is a Chicago-based publishing consultant, writer, and editor. She co-founded the Chicago Self-Publishing Meetup Group to help educate aspiring authors on the joys of self-publishing, and she is the Publicity Chair for Chicago Women in Publishing. Connect with Kim at www.kimbookless.com and on Twitter at @kimbookless.

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